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Haemostatic dressing is a dressing that reacts with blood and forms a plug in the cut to stop bleeding. Now when they're talking about haemostatic dressings, we're talking about very serious cuts. We're talking possibly about amputation or a massive gouge to the leg where you've got arterial bleeding or serious venous bleeding, or maybe a blast type injury on a dog where it maybe has a large area, ripped out on the back of its leg. So the dressings themselves are not actually branded for pets but you could use them on a pet. Now in most cases, you would never, ever use these but we're mentioning them on this course to give you a bit more information should you be working in a higher risk environment. Sometimes working with security dogs, you may well be posted up against terrorist attacks, stuff like this, or knife wounds, this sort of thing can save their life.

Now the first primary thing we're doing with this, we're dealing with what we're calling catastrophic bleeding. Catastrophic bleeding is a lot more serious. This is absolutely life-threatening bleeding. Now, the first thing we're always gonna be doing is direct pressure. If direct pressure hasn't worked, then this is where we start considering these.

Now, standard dressings can be different when we're dealing with catastrophic bleeding. The standard pet dressings will be a normal one you would have in a standard first aid kit. But there are also larger dressings like this, which is a much, much thicker pad to it. But a dressing like this can hold anything up to half a litre of blood. So if you imagine you're putting this on to a pet, once it's lost half a litre of blood, the animal is in a serious state of shock, and it's very, very life-threatening. So rather than let blood be absorbed into a dressing like this, this is where these are much better.

Now there are different types available. This is Celox Granules. What you can do with this is literally open up a packet, pour it over where the cut is. So you just start with, just use a dressing or cotton wool just to take off the worst of the blood. You don't want massive amounts of blood into the hole. So once you've taken that out, you'll be able to see inside there, roughly where the blood's coming from, and you can pour the granules directly on top. All that happens is the granules react really, really quickly with the blood and they'll form a clot. Now, the time we're talking about here is a maximum of up to around about 3 minutes. So put the granules on, apply direct pressure, within 3 minutes, the bleeding has stopped. And this in a pet world is absolute life-saving stuff, because you're not gonna be able to get the animal successfully to a vet. You're looking at being able to stop the bleeding in 3 minutes. Whereas, if you went to a vet that might take 10 to 20 minutes to get there. At least this way when we transport them to the vets then they're in a much better state.

So, granules are one option. Other ones are what they call gauze. This is a Celox Gauze. It's a rapid version. You only have this, works in just 60 seconds. And this is where first aid gets a little bit gorier. Supposing there was a blast injury or a bad injury on the back of a dog's leg. With this type of dressing, it's not a bandage that goes around the leg, it's actually a bandage which is pushed into the wound. So what we're doing with this, we're packing the wound. So we're taking the gauze dressing and we're actually pushing it into where the wound is and then we hold it in place. Now this will just react within 60 seconds, so a very fast way of stopping the bleed.

Now, with the dog, this is now the potential possible thing, might be a stab wound. This is Celox-A. This works slightly differently. In here we got a plunger, so we got the Celox Granules inside this tube. What we do is remove the cap. When you're dealing with stuff, you'd always be wearing gloves. Just for demonstration here, I haven't got my gloves on, but with this, you just pop that on, and again, this is where first aid gets gory. You need to find out where the actual bleed is and sort the depth of the wound. So with your gloved hand, as you physically put it into the wound to find out where it's going, and this would actually be inserted into the cut, and then you're pushing down on the plunger very, very slowly, and slowly pulling it out. And that will form a nice bung in the cut, which again, will stop bleeding.

Now another recent product comes onto the market is Axiostat. This works slightly different. This is a pad, and with this pad, this is quite good for smaller cuts. So with this, you can put it directly on their leg and you can hold it on for a few minutes, and then it will stay there as a dressing. So lay it over, put some gauze pad over the top, apply direct pressure, and then you can also put a secondary dressing on over the top if you want to, to hold it in place while you're taking the animal to the vet. So this is Axiostat, but the others here we got is Celox. There are lots of different makes available but Celox has a good range of products.

So, with all these products here, we've got links to them in the shop, so if you want to buy any of these you can do. But it's something worth thinking about if you're looking after dogs, that if they did suffer from this catastrophic bleed, what would you do? So, having something like Celox Granules to hand is something very worth doing if you're looking at keeping the dog safe in that extreme case.