Pet First Aid Instructor Level 3 (VTQ) - Online Blended Part 1

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Suspected fractures

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Bone Anatomy in Dogs and Cats

Exploring Bone Differences

Comparing bone structures across species:

  • Dogs: Approximately 319 bones
  • Adult Cats: 230 bones
  • Humans: 206 bones

While bone numbers vary, some fuse together as animals grow.

The Many Roles of Bones

Beyond structure and support, bones serve various functions:

  • Element storage (e.g., phosphorus and calcium)
  • Blood cell production
  • Sound processing (e.g., in ears)
  • pH regulation and more

Diverse Bones, Unique Functions

Understanding bone variety and flexibility:

  • Dogs vary from toy breeds to Great Danes with different skull bone structures.
  • Dog shoulder blades allow greater motion due to looser connections.

Bone Fractures: Causes and Risks

Factors contributing to bone fractures:

  • Severe trauma (e.g., accidents, falls, or fights)
  • Common fractures in legs
  • Even minor incidents can cause fractures, especially in small breed dogs.

Diagnosing Fractures

How to identify and confirm fractures:

  • X-rays at a vet's office are essential for diagnosis.
  • If you suspect a fracture, seek professional evaluation promptly.

Symptoms of Fractures

Recognizing fracture signs:

  • Pain and lameness (especially in long bones)
  • Swelling and deformity
  • Hidden signs may also be present.

Handling Suspected Fractures

Providing care and transport:

  • Assess vital signs and look for other injuries or shock.
  • Transport to a vet as soon as possible.
  • For open fractures, clean and cover wounds before transport.

Ensure your pet's well-being during transport, using appropriate support structures and materials.