Pet instructor skill review

177 videos, 8 hours and 30 minutes

Course Content

Blood vessels

Video 22 of 177
4 min 49 sec
Want to watch this video? Sign up for the course or enter your email below to watch one free video.

Unlock This Video Now for FREE

This video is normally available to paying customers.
You may unlock this video for FREE. Enter your email address for instant access AND to receive ongoing updates and special discounts related to this topic.

Understanding Blood Vessels and Their Role in Circulation

1. Introduction to Blood Vessels

Blood vessels serve as the circulatory system's transportation network, facilitating the flow of blood from the heart to the body and back. Understanding this system is crucial for managing bleeding and comprehending the effects of shock on the body.

2. Categories of Blood Vessels

Continuous Loop: All blood vessels are interconnected in a continuous loop.

Three Main Types: Blood vessels are divided into three main categories based on shape and function: arteries, capillaries, and veins.

3. Arteries: Carrying Oxygenated Blood

Arteries: Muscular tubes with thick walls, capable of contracting to propel blood away from the heart.

Aorta: Large artery originating from the left ventricle of the heart.

Arterioles: Smaller branches of arteries.

Pressure Management: Arterial walls stretch to receive blood under high pressure and contract to assist in blood propulsion.

No Valves: Unlike veins, arteries have no valves except at the ventricle exits to prevent backflow.

Exception: Pulmonary arteries carry deoxygenated blood to the lungs for oxygenation.

4. Capillaries: Nutrient and Gas Exchange

Capillaries: Extremely thin-walled vessels, about one cell thick, responsible for nutrient and gas exchange with tissues.

Diffusion: Thin walls allow the diffusion of nutrients and gases between blood and tissue cells.

Abundance: Capillaries are the most numerous blood vessels.

5. Veins: Returning Deoxygenated Blood

Veins: Blood vessels with thinner walls and limited ability to contract, responsible for returning blood from tissues to the heart.

Smooth Muscle Contraction: Vein walls contain smooth muscles that contract in waves to aid blood flow.

Deoxygenated Blood: Veins predominantly carry deoxygenated blood high in carbon dioxide.

Exception: Pulmonary veins carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart.

One-Way Valves: Veins have one-way valves to prevent backflow and pooling of blood.

6. Factors Assisting Venous Return

  • Gravity: Assists blood return from areas above the heart, such as the head and shoulders.
  • Valves: One-way valves in veins prevent backflow.
  • Diaphragm: The diaphragm, a respiratory muscle, creates a suction effect to aid blood return.
  • Skeletal Muscle Contraction: Nearby skeletal muscles help by squeezing veins during contraction.

7. Blood Circulation and Potential Issues

Closed System: Blood circulation is a closed system with constantly varying pressure.

Prolonged Inactivity: Long periods of inactivity can lead to blood pooling in the lower legs, potentially causing issues like blood clots or Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).